Member Country Activities for the United States
The United States installed 4,854 MW of new capacity in 2014—more than four times the capacity installed by the wind industry in 2013. The nation’s cumulative wind energy capacity now stands at 65,877 MW and provides 4.4% of the nation’s electrical demand. The United States led the world in wind energy generation in 2014 by generating more than 182 million megawatt-hours (MWh) of electricity. The 2014 generation avoided approximately 125 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions and the consumption of more than 68 billion gallons of water.
There are 18 offshore wind projects in 10 states under various stages of development. The U.S. offshore industry passed a major hurdle when Deepwater Wind secured project financing for its Block Island Wind Farm (BIWF). Construction on the BIWF, the nation’s first offshore wind plant, will begin in 2015.
U.S. distributed wind capacity is nearing the 1 GW milestone. Distributed wind applications refer to wind power plants or turbines that are connected either physically or virtually on the customer side of the meter. With new capacity additions of 64 MW, in 2014 the cumulative installed of capacity of distributed wind systems in the United States reached a total of 906 MW from nearly 74,000 wind turbines. Though 64 MW in 2014 is more than twice the new capacity additions of 30 MW in 2013, it lags behind the 2008–2012 average of 120 MW of new capacity additions.