Welcome to IEA Wind Member Country Activities for Canada
Canada is the ninth largest producer of wind energy in the world. It has more than 6 GW of wind energy capacity, which produces enough power to meet about 2.8% of the country's total electricity demand. Canada has more than 170 wind farms, spread across ten provinces and two territories.
In 2012, Canada placed ninth globally, in terms of new wind energy capacity installed. Nearly 940 MW of new wind capacity were installed in six provinces and one territory. The province of Quebec led the way, with 430 MW of new installations. The world’s most northern large-scale wind-diesel hybrid power facility was commissioned in Canada’s Northwest Territories.
The government of Canada continues to fund the growth of Canada’s wind power sector through its ecoENERGY programs. Provinces across Canada continue to offer a range of incentives for renewable power, including wind. In some cases, existing programs have or will undergo reviews and changes. Ontario, for example, completed a scheduled two-year review of its Feed-in Tariff (FIT) program. A rate reduction in the price paid for wind generated electricity was one of several recommendations put forward, as a result of the review. In Nova Scotia, a review of the province’s Community FIT (COMFIT) program is under way.
Community power was given a boost in 2012 with the approval of 46 community projects under Nova Scotia's COMFIT program. The projects range in size from 50 KW–6 MW, and are located in over 40 different communities across Nova Scotia. In Ontario, the M’Chigeeng First Nation Band celebrated the grand opening of its 4-MW Mother Earth Renewable Energy (MERE) wind farm in northern Ontario. MERE is Ontario’s first wind farm owned entirely by a First Nation Band.
Canada’s federal departments and research organizations are working together in R, D&D areas that are particularly relevant to Canada, including: reducing the cost per kWh of wind generated electricity, assessing cold climate effects on wind energy production, mitigating the environmental impacts of wind development, wind and ice forecasting, and addressing the issues of variable energy supplied to the electrical grid. Read the entire report here.